Update on vitamin D supplements or food fortification

Background In a recent post I advocated that a common UK food like milk or bread/flour should be fortified with vitamin D. Large number of the British population are classified as vitamin D deficient and clinical cases of rickets have been rising albeit from a very low base. There is robust evidence that increased vitamin D…

Do children need more protein than adults?

The answer to the title question depends upon how you define “need”. There are three ways of expressing the needs of individuals for protein – the absolute need in grams per day (adults need more) – the relative need in grams per kg of body weight per day (children need more) – the protein level…

Women and research fraud

How many research frauds are women? Origins of this post In January 2014, two papers were published in the top science journal Nature which claimed that stem cells could be created by simply exposing ordinary skin cells to mild acid shock Obokata et al 2014.The first author on both of these papers was a young…

Is most published research really wrong?

 Part I – Do we put too much faith in “the latest scientific evidence”? Context of this post This post is an edited extract from chapter 3 of my as yet unpublished book about error and fraud in biological and medical research. In chapter 2 of this book I discuss in detail four case studies…

Sir Cyril Burt (1883-1971) and the heritability of intelligence debate

Sir Cyril Burt 1883-1971 and the Heritability of Intelligence Debate “Everything about the man – his fine sturdy appearance: his aura of vitality; his urbane manner; his unflagging enthusiasm for research, analysis and criticism; even such a small detail as his firm meticulous handwriting; and, of course, especially his notably sharp intellect and vast erudition…

Werner Bezwoda and fraudulent breast cancer research

This post is an edited extract from my unpublished book on scientific error and fraud; it is one of many case-studies of individual fraudulent scientists from different areas of the biological sciences, psychology and medicine. In this case study, error and fraud both contributed to the belief that high dose chemotherapy was a more effective…