Why research fraud really does matter

Some basic definitions According to the US National Science Foundation (NSF): Research misconduct is defined as fabrication, falsification or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research or in reporting research results. This must be done intentionally or in reckless disregard of accepted practices. They go on to define fabrication as being something that involves total…

Brief summaries of other cases of research misconduct

This section contains brief summaries of 13 further research misconduct cases in addition to the 20 full case-studies already posted. Each of these cases has at least one interesting feature that I considered made it worthy of inclusion such as: an unusual modus operandi; a country’s first criminal prosecution or custodial sentence for research fraud;…

Are UK alcohol guidelines reliable and realistic?

Overview In 1995, a report entitled “Sensible Drinking” was published by the UK Department of Health. In this report, the recommended maximum alcohol intakes were controversially raised to 4 units per day for men and 3 units per day for women. This equates to 28 and 21 units per week for men and women respectively…

Mad cows and Englishmen – the British BSE crisis

Title after Noel Coward Overview In 1984, the first case of a new and fatal neurological disease was seen in a British cow on a farm in Sussex. The erratic behaviour and loss of co-ordination of affected cows led to the popular name of “mad cow disease”. Over the next twenty-five years almost 200,000 cases…

Cabbage and cancer

Cabbage makes the news Listed below are three headlines taken from UK media sources: How the humble cabbage can cut cancers BBC news web-site 15/08/2018 Eating kale and broccoli can help prevent colon cancer, study claims The Independent 14/08/2018 Another reason to eat your greens! Compound in kale, cabbage and broccoli protects against bowel cancer…

Fish, fish glorious fish nothing quite like it for???

Title after  At least one oily fish, salmon, is in most lists of superfoods. Fish oil and cod liver oil comprise over 40% of the value of dietary supplement sales in the UK. So what nutritional characteristics of fish are responsible for its very positive health image?  What prompted this post? Two separate sets of…