Ram Bahadur Singh – Indian physician and researcher who has been the subject of decades of suspicion and investigation but has no retracted papers

Overview Singh was born in 1943 and took a degree in science before taking a medical degree and an MD in Internal Medicine with specialisation in cardiology. He spent most of his early career in the city of Moradabad in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. He is an independent physician and prolific writer of…

Dipak Kumar Das (1946-2013) who faked data about resveratrol – the magic red wine ingredient that cures everything?

Overview Dipak Das was a professor and leading cardiovascular researcher at the University of Connecticut Health Center in Farmington, in the USA. Much of his later published work was related to the health benefits of natural products including resveratrol, a compound found in grape-skins, peanuts and some berries. Many of the speculative health benefits of…

Joachim Boldt – German anesthesiologist who faked data relating to the management of critically ill patients

  Boldt was a world-renowned German anesthesiologist based for much of his career at Klinikum Ludwigshafen (Ludwigshafen Hospital) in the German state of Rheinland-Pfalz. He briefly held the record for the number of retracted papers (c90) until that record was shattered by another anaesthesiologist Yoshitaka Fujii. His main area of research related to substances known as…

Finding the Truth – research methods in the biomedical sciences. VIII – RCTs and meta-analysis – the gold and platinum standards of evidence in biomedical research?

Randomized controlled trials, RCTs and meta-analyses are at the top of the pyramid and other hierarchies of evidence shown in figure 1 below and also in figures 1, 2 and 3 in post VI in this series. Figure 1           The pyramid of evidence RCTs are often referred to as the gold standard of evidence in…

Charles Dawson (1864-1916) and the Piltdown man hoax

“Professional men took their hats off to the amateur, Mr Charles Dawson, solicitor and antiquarian.” Sir Arthur Keith (1938) at the unveiling of a stone monolith to commemorate the discovery of Piltdown man. Overview No book on scientific fraud would be complete without at least some mention of the case of the Piltdown man which…